Qutub Minar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site is made up of red sandstone and marble whereas the fourth and fifth storeys are made up of marble and sandstone. Its origins are covered in a controversy, some consider it was erected as a tower of victory to represent the beginning of Muslim rule in India. Others say it served as a minaret to muzzeins to call the faithful to prayer. I had visited this rich monument last summer and I was really fascinated with its unique architecture. Qutub Minar was built by the first Muslim ruler of India Qutab-ud-din-Aibak in 1200 AD, but could only finish the basement. His successor Iltutmush added three more storeys and in 1368 Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed the fifth and last storey.
The architecture of the monument is of Indo-Islamic Architecture and it took 20 years to complete the whole work. The height of the minar is 72.5 meters, its diameter is 14.3 meters and its upper diameter is around 2.7 meters. There are 379 steps from bottom to top, although it’s not allowed to enter the minar as per the Government orders only researchers with special permission are allowed to enter Qutub Minar.
I’ve never seen any monument as unique as Qutub Minar it has got rich architecture, big green lawn and so many tourists. Quwwatu’l-Islam Mosque, the earliest mosque in North India is located at the base of the tower. There is also one big Iron Pillar in the mosque premises. The unique feature of this pillar is its high corrosion resistant nature due to which there is no sign of rust in the pillar till date. One prominent thought attached with this monument is that the person will get his wishes if he encircles the column with having a hand being their back. It has been called “testimony to the high-level of skill achieved by the ancient Indian iron smiths in the extraction and processing of iron.”
How to Reach-
Open- All Days
Entry Fee- Rs 30 (Indians) and Rs 500 (Foreigners)
By Delhi Metro– Nearest station is, Qutub Minar (Yellow Line)
By Train- Both Nizamuddin and New Delhi Railway Stations are close to the monument.
By Air- Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest, you can take a cab to reach.
By Road- Nearest state of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand are well connected with the capital. Regular buses ply from all these states to Delhi.
“A nation’s culture resides in the heart and in the soul of its people”, said Mahatma Gandhi.
So visit Qutub Minar and witness the masterpiece with its glorious past, facts and architecture!